Statement by Union Minister at Mangrove Alliance at COP28 Summit

  • On behalf of the Government of India, Union Minister Bhupendar Yadav spoke.
  • Event hosted by Mariam Bint Mohammed Almheiri, Minister of Climate Change and Environment, UAE.
  • Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, Indonesia Coordinating Minister for Maritime and Investment Affairs, Indonesia.
  • First Ministerial meeting of the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC).

Brief of Statement:

  • In Budget 2023-24, the Indian government, building on India’s success in afforestation, rolled out the Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats and Tangible Incomes (MISHTI).
  • Under this scheme, mangrove plantations along the coastline and on salt pans are being taken up.
  • Events across India’s tidal regions include the coastal areas of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu where mangrove plantation drives are being organised.
  • The Sunderbans, along eastern India, offer the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world.
  • The Sundarban mangroves are the only mangrove habitat for tigers worldwide.
  • It is of critical importance for dolphins, crocodiles, critically endangered turtles and people who live in the region.
  • Gujarat, which has the second highest mangrove cover in the country, has shown an improvement in mangrove cover of over 250 square kilometres from 2001 to 2021.
  • India became a member of the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC), initiated by the UAE and Indonesia, during COP 27 in Egypt.
  • In its NDCs, India has committed to creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
  • At COP15 in Montreal, Canada, India stated that sustainable use, access, and benefit sharing are key to promoting biodiversity, alongside the efforts to conserve, protect and restore.
  • Mangroves also help with natural coastal protection for the adaptation of local communities against the increasing frequency of cyclones and erosion.
  • Restoration, Conservation and Management of Forest Cover including mangrove forests are one of the elements of India’s Long-Term Low Carbon Development Strategy.
Posted in Current Affairs.