Review of Container Port at Galathea Bay in Nicobar Islands

  • Reviewed by the Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways (MoPSW) and Ayush, Mr Sarbananda Sonowal.
  • He visited the site of the proposed International Container Transhipment Port (ICTP), at Galathea Bay, Great Nicobar Island.
  • The project was involved in the Maritime India Vision 2030 and Amrit Kaal Vision 2047.
  • The total estimated cost is 44,000 Crores.
  • The EC (Environmental clearance) was given by the Ministry of Environment and Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) on November 11, 2022.
  • Stage 1 forest clearance has been obtained.
  • The Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, granted “In-Principle” approval for the holistic development of Great Nicobar Island.
  • The DPR (Detailed Project Report) of the ICTP project is under finalization.
  • Tenders for the construction of the first phase of the project will be invited next year, after due approvals.
  • This Mega Container Terminal is a part of the holistic development of Great Nicobar Island.
  • It is in a strategic location in terms of proximity (40 nautical miles) with the International shipping trade route.
  • It has an availability of natural water depth of over 20m.
  • It has a carrying capacity of transhipment cargo from all the Ports in the proximity including Indian Ports.

Sagarmala Program:

  • Aims to modernize, mechanize, and enhance the capacity of existing ports, making them more efficient and environment friendly.
  • To support economic activities in the hinterland.
  • In the last 9 years 94 Projects worth Rs. 31,129 Cr. have been completed, resulting in capacity addition of more than 230 MTPA.
  • 21 projects worth more than Rs. 23,000 Cr. operationalized under PPP, since 2014.

Four Key Are Under Maritime India Vision 2030:

  • Capacity augmentation.
  • Developing world-class Mega Ports.
  • Development of transhipment hubs in Southern India.
  • Infrastructure modernization.

Current Review of Port Projects:

  • Currently, India has 5 Major Ports and 2 Non-Major Ports with greater than 100 MTPA capacities.
  • 3 Mega Ports – Vadhavan-JNPT Cluster, Paradip Port, and Deendayal Port have been identified to be developed with >300 M TPA capacity.


  • It Vadhavan has a natural draft of about 20 meters and is suited for accommodating larger ships.
  • It will enable cargo container vessels of 16,000-25,000 TEUs capacity.


  • Nearly 75% of India‚Äôs transhipped cargo is handled at ports outside India.
  • Colombo, Singapore and Klang handle more than 85% of this cargo with 45% of this cargo handled at Colombo Port.
  • The strategic location of Galathea Bay is a huge advantage to EXIM trade.
  • Indian ports will be able to attract more transhipment cargo.
  • It will accrue significant benefits such as forex savings, foreign direct investment, and increased economic activity at other Indian Ports.
  • It will enable employment generation and increase revenue share.

Project Details:

  • To be developed in four phases.
  • Phase 1 is proposed to be commissioned in 2028 with a handling capacity of ~ 4 Million TEUs.
  • The estimated cost for Phase 1 is around INR 19,000+ crores.
  • Includes construction of breakwaters, dredging, reclamation, berths, storage areas, building and utilities, procurement and installation of equipment, and development of port colony with core infrastructure.

Campbell Bay Port Project:

  • It was constructed with a cost of about Rs.17 crores.
  • The existing jetty at Campbell Bay is inadequate for the berthing of larger size vessels.
  • This is the extension of the jetty for 50m to facilitate the safe berthing of bigger vessels.
  • On completion vessels of 150mtr long will be able to berth which will provide more passenger and cargo movement between Great Nicobar and other islands.
  • It will facilitate double berthing.
Posted in Current Affairs.