“PRITHvi VIgyan Gets Cabinet Approval

  • Approved by the Union Cabinet Chaired by the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi.
  • Scheme named “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)”.
  • Under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • Implementation period: 2021-26
  • Cost: Rs. 4,797 crore.

Subschemes Contained:

  • Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS).
  • Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O- SMART).
  • Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER).
  • Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE).
  • Research, Education, Training and Outreach (REACHOUT).

Objectives:

  • Augmentation and sustainance of long-term observations of the atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere and solid earth to record the vital signs of the Earth System and change.
  • Development of modelling systems for understanding and predicting weather, ocean and climate hazards and understanding the science of climate change.
  • Exploration of polar and high seas regions of the Earth towards the discovery of new phenomena and resources.
  • Development of technology for exploration and sustainable harnessing of oceanic resources for societal applications.
  • Translation of knowledge and insights from Earth systems science into services for societal, environmental and economic benefit.

Tasks by MoES:

  • To translate Science to Services for the Society in providing services for weather, climate, ocean and coastal state, hydrology, seismology, and natural hazards.
  • To explore and harness marine living and non-living resources in a sustainable manner for the country.
  • To explore the three poles of the Earth (Arctic, Antarctic and Himalayas).
  • Services include weather forecasts (both on land and in the Oceans) and warnings for various natural disasters like tropical cyclones, storm surge, floods, heat waves, thunderstorms and lightning.
  • Alerts for Tsunamis and monitoring of earthquakes, etc.

R&D Conducting Institutes:

  • India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF).
  • Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology (CMLRE).
  • National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR).
  • National Centre for Seismology (NCS).
  • National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
  • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service (INCOIS), Hyderabad.
  • National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa.
  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune.
  • National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS).

PRITHVI:

  • Address all the five components of the earth system (Atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere).
  • Improve the understating of the Earth System Sciences.
  • Provide reliable services for the country.
  • Various components are carried out through combined efforts of the concerned Institutes under MoES.
  • Will help in addressing the grand challenges of weather and climate, ocean, cryosphere, seismological science and services.
Posted in Current Affairs.