Law of Criminal Defamation report Submission By 22nd Law Commission of India

  • The 22nd Law Commission of India submitted its report titled “The Law of Criminal Defamation” to the Government of India. 
  • The Commission received a reference from the Ministry of Law & Justice in August 2017, requesting an examination of Defamation laws. 
  • The report analyzed the history of defamation law, its relationship with freedom of speech and expression, and various court judgments.
  • The Commission also examined the balance between the right to reputation and freedom of speech and expression.
  • The report examined the treatment of criminal defamation across various jurisdictions. 
  • The Supreme Court dismissed the challenge to Section 499 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, holding it constitutionally valid.
  • The Commission recommends criminal defamation be retained within the scheme of criminal laws, emphasizing the need to protect the right to reputation from defamatory speech and imputations.
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