Kakrapar Atomic Power Project Unit-4 Achieves Criticality

  • Unit 4 of Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP 4 – 700 MW).
  • Achieved Criticality (start of controlled fission chain reaction) for the first time.
  • After meeting all the stipulations of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB).
  • KAPP-4 is the second in a series of sixteen indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR) of 700 MW.

About KAPP:

  • KAPP 3&4 (2X700 MW) are located at Kakrapar in Surat district of Gujarat, adjacent to the existing reactors KAPS 1&2 (2X220 MW).
  • These indigenous PHWRs have advanced safety features.
  • They are among the safest reactors in the world.
  • They were designed, constructed, commissioned and operated by NPCIL, (Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited).

About NPCIL:

  • It operates 23 reactors with a total capacity of 7480 MW.
  • It has nine units (including KAPP-4) with a capacity of 7500 MW under construction.
  • 10 more reactors with a total capacity of 7000 MW are in pre-project activities and are expected to be completed by 2031-32.
Posted in Current Affairs.