Fast Track Special Courts Will Continue Under Central Scheme

  • Approved by The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
  • Continuation of Fast Track Special Court (FTSCs) as, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) from 01.04.2023 to 31.03.2026.
  • The total cost is Rs. 1952.23 crore (Rs. 1207.24 crore Central Share and Rs. 744.99 crore State share).
  • Central Share is to be funded from the Nirbhaya Fund.
  • The Scheme was launched on 02.10.2019.

Background:

  • The increase in the frequency of incidents involving the rape of girl children and women and the prolonged trials of offenders necessitated the establishment of a dedicated court system capable of expediting trials and delivering immediate relief to victims of sexual offences.
  • The Central Government enacted the “The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act. 2018.
  • It included stringent punishment, including the death penalty for rape offenders, leading to the creation of the Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs).
  • FTSCs are designed as dedicated courts, to ensure swift dispensation of justice, offering quick relief to victims while strengthening the deterrence framework for sexual offenders.
  • The Union of India formulated a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to establish FTSCs for the timely disposal of cases related to rape and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) in August 2019.
  • Following the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in suo moto Writ Petition (Criminal) No.1/2019 dated 25.07.2019, the scheme mandated the establishment of exclusive POCSO Courts for districts with over 100 POCSO Act cases.

About FTSC:

  • Implemented by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law & Justice, the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of FTSCs augments State Government resources for establishing FTSCs across the country.
  • Thirty States/Union Territories have participated in the Scheme, operationalizing 761 FTSCs, including 414 exclusive POCSO Courts, which have resolved over 1,95,000 cases.
  • These courts support State/UT Government efforts to provide timely justice to victims of sexual offences. even in remote and far-flung areas.
Posted in Current Affairs.