Chhattisgarh Coalfields to Use Japanese Miyawaki Method

  • Will be undertaken by Coal India Ltd subsidiary, South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.
  • To boost forest cover in the coal belt region of Chhattisgarh.
  • Will undertake plantation using the Miyawaki method for the first time in its operational areas.
  • In SECL’s Gevra Area, to develop Miyawaki forest in two hectares as a pilot project.
  • Will be implemented in partnership with Chhattisgarh Rajya Van Vikas Nigam (CGRVVN) at an estimated cost of about Rs 4 crores.
  • Will be carried out for two years in which about 20,000 saplings will be planted.
  • It will include big plants such as Bargad, Peepal, Aam, Jamun etc, medium plants such as Karanj, Amla, Ashok etc, and small plants such as Kaner, Gudhal, Trikoma, Ber, Anjeer, Nimbu etc.

Miyawaki:

  • This plantation method was pioneered in the 70s by Japanese botanist and expert in plant ecology Mr. Akira Miyawaki.
  • It involves planting native trees, shrubs and groundcover plants within every square metre.
  • It is ideal for small parcels of land and creates a dense canopy layer of tall trees.
  • The species chosen is typically of plants that do not require much maintenance, can survive harsh weather and water-scarce conditions and grow rapidly in existing conditions yielding thick pockets of green cover.

Benefits:

  • This will help in increasing the green cover in and around the Gevra mine, the largest coal mine in the country, in a shorter period.
  • The indigenous species of fruit-bearing, avenue and ornamental trees would help the local communities and wildlife.
  • The forest developed would absorb the dust particles and regulate surface temperature.

SECL Venture:

  • It is committed to boosting green cover preserving the natural ecosystems around its coal mines and mitigating the impact of mining.
  • Since its inception, it has planted more than three crore saplings.
  • In FY 2023-24 the company has brought 475 hectares of land under green cover and planted 10.77 lakh saplings, which is the highest among all Coal India subsidiaries.
  • It had recently signed a MoU with Chhattisgarh Rajya Van Vikas Nigam (CGRVVN) and Madhya Pradesh Rajya Van Vikas Nigam (MPRVVN).
  • For carrying out plantation for a period of five years from 2023-24 to 2027-28 with its subsequent maintenance of four years for each consecutive year of the plantation at an estimated cost of Rs 169 crores.
Posted in Current Affairs.