Central Govt Wants More from GCP to Restore Environment

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the Green Credit Initiative during COP 28. 
  • India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) targets to reduce GDP emissions intensity by 33% to 35% by 2030 and achieve 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030. 
  • The Global Alliance, Resource Efficiency Circular Economy Industry Coalition RECEIC, and High-Level Principles for a Sustainable and Resilient Blue/ Ocean-based Economy (HLPSRBE) were launched in G-20 initiatives. 
  • The Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes (MISHTI) was launched on World Environment Day. 
  • The International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) was launched to conserve global big cats, including tigers. 
  • The total forest and tree cover in India is 80.9 million hectares, covering 24.62% of the country’s geographical area. 
  • The integration of the Gatishakti Portal with PARIVESH 2.0 was implemented to enhance environmental clearance proposals.

 


India’s Participation in the 28th Session of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 28) 

 

  • India attended the 28th Session of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 28) in Dubai, UAE. 
  • Major outcomes from COP 28 included the decision on the Outcome of the First Global Stocktake, ratcheting up global climate ambition, and agreement on the operationalization of loss and damage fund.

 


India’s Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 

 

  • India submitted a report on its greenhouse gas emissions, vulnerability to climate change, and mitigation measures. 
  • The energy sector contributed the most to overall anthropogenic emissions with 75.81%.

 


India’s Initial Adaptation Communication to UNFCCC 

  • Several policies and measures have been put in place across key economic sectors.

 

India’s Cooling Action Plan 

 

  • India is the first country to develop a comprehensive Cooling Action Plan. 
  • India achieved a 44% reduction in the use of Hydro Chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) – 141b in the manufacturing of rigid foam.

 


G20 Initiatives under India’s Presidency – Environment and Climate Sustainability Work Group (ECSWG) 2

 

  • The inception of a Global Alliance on the land restoration of forest fire and mining-affected areas. 
  • Launch of Resource Efficiency Circular Economy Industry Coalition RECEIC. 
  • Launch of High-Level Principles for a Sustainable and Resilient Blue/ Ocean-based Economy (HLPSRBE).

 


Forest Conservation 

 

  • A mega beach cleaning International Event was organized on 21st May 2023. 
  • A remarkable increase in the number of Ramsar Sites in the country since 2014.
Posted in Current Affairs.